小龙门百年“福”字院重获新生 | CCDI卝智室内设计
Xiaolongmen village hundred years of "fu" word courtyard reborn / CCDI GW Design
The rural practice of “localism” is the exploration of the modernization of traditional dwellings and Show its own uniqueness in the eyes of development. It hopes to integrate residential buildings into the surrounding environment and draw materials from local practices.
At present, the development of rural areas has been diversified. The report of the 19th national congress of the CPC in 2017 put forward the strategy of rural revitalization. Artists and designers also went to the countryside to carry out in-depth field research, to intervene in the countryside with art and to drive the development with culture.
In recent years, xiaolongmen village, which has gradually become a "hollow village", has also carried out village planning and development. How to integrate the renovation of the old house with the local village style and how to save the disappearing rural culture become the turning point and starting point of this practice.
| Project location –Highlands in the west of Beijing
The project is located in Xiaolongmen Village, Qingshui Town, Mentougou District, Beijing Province. It's the westernmost village in Beijing. In the book "Qijia Sizhi" , first to see the "Xiaolongmen" village name. The average elevation of the village is 1300 meters. It's next to State Road 109. Villages and mountains are distributed along both sides of the road, and the mountains are densely forested, showing the four seasons of the village.
小龙门上山路途，the road up to the mountain of Xiaolongmen Village ©李秩宇
The Siheyuan of Beijing West were built by the mountains, Influenced by the mountainous terrain, two kinds of courtyard deformation were produced. The reformed fuzi courtyard is one of the forms.
小龙门村落鸟瞰，Aerial view of the Xiaolongmen village ©张浩然
| Original appearance
The former residential area of fuzi courtyard is 224m2, with a total of 10 houses. The prelude to entering the ancient house is the century-old word "fu" that comes into view at the end of the alley when walking in the hutong. It is recorded that this gate building has a history of more than 400 years and has been inherited and preserved after many vicissitudes.
四百余年历史的“福”字门楼，More than 400 years of history gatehouse ©李振兴
The first courtyard after entering is an independent shed, which has been used as a utility room in recent years. The houses in second courtyard underwent a simple renovation in the 1980s, Made of gypsum board and ceramic tile, with steel doors and windows, Basically destroyed the lasting appeal of its original ancient house, with the temperament of the gate building that preserves also difficult confluence.
This renovation is also the epitome of blind urbanization development in rural areas，Therefore, how to inherit the local regional characteristics and cultural characteristics become the focus of our exploration in the transformation design.
改造前现状，失去老宅气质, before the reform，lost the house quality © 李振兴
| Design logic and features -- reconstruction and renewal
Based on the above logic and perception of architectural space and materials, and our practical understanding of customer groups, the design reconstructs the structure and functions of the whole courtyard. The overall layout reorganizes ten bedrooms into four bedrooms, a dining room and a multi-purpose room on the basis of the original building.
院落轴测，Axonometrical drawing of the courtyard
The original hut of the first courtyard was transformed into a multi-function room. And make use of the site elevation difference to dig out the cellar space under the north room, the bathroom and linen space under the worth room; The original second courtyard of north room and the east and west wing of the overall pattern is still retained, the bedroom of the south room was transformed into a full-length dining room, through which access was redirected to the spacious backyard.
一二进院剖面，高差关系清晰可见， Section analysis of the courtyard，clearly height difference
| Space design -- Spatial sequence
The design respects its original sense of spatial sequence. Starting from the roadway, it enters the house from the gate to the yard. At the spatial turning point in the focus of different space materials, lighting and other techniques to strengthen the psychological feelings.
巷道与福字门楼，The roadway and the gatehouse ©鲁飞
The placement of the multifunctional room becomes the preordering space and activation point of the whole quadrangle. It can be used as the buffer space after entering the house. And it can also be used as the common activity area, so that everyone can "gather" together to enjoy a pot of tea, appreciate a painting, watch a movie and drink a pot of wine.
多功能厅， Function room ©鲁飞
多功能厅酒窖空间，Function room and cellar space © 鲁飞
Go up to the stairs, into the second courtyard, The north room and east and west wing a total of four bedrooms. The design transforms the building into the original brick and wood structure of the old house. The north room is slightly higher than the east and west wing. The courtyard is surrounded by a wooden trestle to form a circle of "HUI" corridor connecting the Spaces, and the center is decorated with local gravel and green plants , to separate the activities of people in this area, and lead to the restaurant and the common area in the backyard.
二进院落舒适的空间尺度，Comfortable space scale of the second courtyard ©鲁飞
精心设计的院落夜景间接照明，Night view of indirect lighting of the courtyard ©鲁飞
The interior space can be seen that the wooden beams of the primitive roof are used again as the load-bearing structure of the beams, all these ceiling wooden structure old house original demolition original timber reuse. And the walls use the rough texture finish. The space overall restores the ancient and simple temperament of the old house, with the intention of coruscating the good experience of the original characteristics of the space.
北房东屋亲子房，North east family room ©鲁飞
北房门厅与西屋关系，The relationship of the hall and the north west room ©鲁飞
东厢房，East room ©鲁飞
西厢房，West room ©鲁飞
The restaurant is the main use space of people's public activities. In the design, dynamic line design and space construction are considered with people's behavior activities. The design considers the restaurant and the backyard as a whole, and changes the connected door into a folding door. When the door is fully opened, the restaurant and the backyard permeate each other, forming a spacious space for party activities.
餐厅与前院空间，Restaurant and front yard space ©鲁飞
餐厅与后院空间关系互相渗透，The spatial relationship between restaurant and backyard space ©鲁飞
The design and transformation of the old house have always been based on the principle of local spatial structure and material, so that the house can be better integrated into the overall style of the village.
施工过程照片，Construction process photo ©陈金霞
The details of the design reflect the designer's intentions, the decorative paintings hanging in the interior are works of art meticulously shot by designers, which are memories of xiaolongmen village scenes. The stone trough basin also reveal the fortitude of the craftsman.
手作石槽台盆，Stone trough basin hand made ©李秩宇
The lamp of dining-room suspension, the dry branch of the head of the bed, the wooden pier of the adornment, these soft outfit come from the original material of xiaolongmen mountain, reflect its adequately in the ground sex.
小龙门当地的枯木干枝和老物件，The dry branch and old ornaments of the village ©李秩宇
| design perception
The project completed and put into use by the end of 2019. In the current wave of homestay renovation, the renovation of the old house is more about the exploration of the simple life of the local villagers and the demand for the current quality of life. The design integrates the existing spatial layout of the old house with the elements of rural culture to express the strong rural feeling more strongly.
现场旧物拾遗 Old staff on site ©李秩宇
This transformation of the fuzi courtyard for village 2# courtyard, is the subsequent 10 courtyard transformation design spearhead. A series of subsequent transformations of architectural communities are illustrated by the same transformation logic, different themes and design techniques, to meet the needs of different activity experiences in the countryside.
村落十个院落改造分布图 Ten house reconstruction of the village
不同院落改造主题示意，Different courtyard subject
The reconstruction of the old house series of xiaolongmen village is the practice of village "Localism", hope to build xiaolongmen village into a benchmarking No.1 village in the west of Beijing, aiming at achieving better rural symbiosis. This is a reflection on the current mode of rural renewal and development, but also the exploration of more rural universal road in the future.
设计团队：崔迪娜 陈金霞 张新雨 王欢 马一鸣 李振兴
Name Of The Project：Xiaolongmen village hundred years of "fu" word courtyard reborn
Project type: Renovation project of ancient buildings
Location：Xiaolongmen village/Qingshui town/ Mentougou District/ Beijing province
Design Area: 224㎡
Project Time: 2018/06- 2019/12
Corporation：CCDI GW Design
Project Manager: Li Zhiyu
EPC Manager : Yang Yanling
Design team：Cui Dina, Chen Jinxia, Zhang Xinyu, Wanghuan, Ma Yiming, Li Zhenxing
Structure team：Zhan Yanjie
Aerial camera: Zhang Haoran
Writer: Chen Jinxia
Design Contact: GWdesign@yeah.net